Perspect Nurs Sci.  2018 Apr;15(1):11-17. 10.16952/pns.2018.15.1.11.

Relationships among Physical Activity Level, Health-promoting Behavior, and Physiological Variables in Korean University Students

  • 1Professor, College of Nursing · The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Graduate Student, College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Graduate Student, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, USA.


Many Korean college students suffer from physical inactivity and mental health problems. However, it has not been sufficiently reported how this lack of exercise and health-related behavior affect their health. The present study was performed to identify the relationships among physical activity level, health-promoting behavior, and physiological variables in Korean undergraduate and graduate students.
Participants were 115 undergraduate and graduate students from one university in Seoul. The Pearson's correlation analysis was performed using SPSS for Windows.
Physical activity level had significant positive correlations with health-promoting behavior (r=.32, p=.001) and exercise self-efficacy (r=.25, p=.008), and health-promoting behavior had a significant correlation with depression (r=−.33, p < .001) and exercise self-efficacy (r=.44, p < .001). Additionally, physical activity level had significant correlations with triglyceride (r=−.20, p=.034) and vitamin D (r=.20, p=.029) levels. The high density cholesterol level had significant negative correlations with systolic blood pressure (r=−.33, p < .001), diastolic blood pressure (r=−.29, p=.002), and vitamin D (r=−.20, p=.035) levels.
Physical activity level or health-promoting behavior had significant relationships with the health status of college students. Strategies need to be developed to improve health-promoting behaviors among college students.


Exercise; Health promotion; Depression
Full Text Links
  • PNS
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Copyright © 2020 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: