Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr.  2018 Apr;21(2):86-92. 10.5223/pghn.2018.21.2.86.

Comparison of Endoscopic and Histological Findings between Typical and Atypical Celiac Disease in Children

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Paediatric Medicine, Sawai Man Singh Medical College, Jaipur, India. rkguptadr@hotmail.com
  • 2Department of Community Medicine, University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Celiac disease is a common non-communicable disease with varied presentations. Purpose of this study was to find the duodeno-endoscopic features in celiac disease and to compare duodeno-endoscopic and histological findings between typical and atypical celiac disease in children.
METHODS
Hospital based observational study was conducted at Sir Padampat Mother and Child Health Institute, Jaipur from June 2015 to May 2016. Patients were selected and divided in two groups- typical and atypical celiac disease based upon the presenting symptoms. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and duodenal biopsy was performed for serology positive patients. Results were analysed using appropriate statistical test of significance.
RESULTS
Out of 101 enrolled patients, 47.5% were male. Age ranged from 1 to 18 years. Study showed that 54.5% were typical and 45.5% were atypical. Patients presenting with atypical symptoms were predominantly of older age group. On endoscopy, scalloping, mosaic pattern, reduced fold height and absent fold height; and in histology, advanced Marsh stage were significantly higher in the typical group.
CONCLUSION
Awareness of atypical presentations as well as duodeno-endoscopic features may have considerable practical importance for the diagnosis of celiac disease in children. Scalloping, mosaic pattern, reduced fold height and nodularity are main endoscopic markers of celiac disease in children. Endoscopic markers of duodenal mucosa may be important in early diagnosis of celiac disease, in children subjected to endoscopy for atypical presentations or indication other than suspected celiac disease.

Keyword

Celiac disease; Child; Endoscopy; Histology
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