Ann Coloproctol.  2018 Feb;34(1):36-41. 10.3393/ac.2018.34.1.36.

Efficacy and Safety of Ramosetron Injection for Nausea and Vomiting in Colorectal-Cancer Patients Undergoing a Laparoscopic Colectomy: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Comparative Study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. wonkkang@catholic.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
A laparoscopic colectomy in colorectal-cancer patients is usually associated with a high risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of injection of long-acting 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonist for the reduction of PONV in patients with colorectal cancer.
METHODS
A total of 48 patients scheduled to undergo a laparoscopic colectomy for colorectal cancer were randomized in a double-blinded fashion. Patients were randomly allocated to 1 of 2 groups and assigned to receive either 0.3 mg of ramosetron intravenously (group A, n = 25) or 2 mL of normal saline (placebo) (group B, n = 22) immediately after the operation. The incidence of PONV, the nausea severity scale score, the visual analogue scale (VAS) score for pain, the total amount of patient-controlled analgesia used, the recovery of bowel function, and morbidities were assessed at 1 hour and at 24, 48, and 72 hours after surgery.
RESULTS
The baseline and the operative characteristics were similar between the groups (P > 0.05). The number of cases without PONV (complete response) was higher for group A (ramosetron) than group B (normal saline): 24 hours after surgery, 92.0% (23 of 25) for group A versus 54.5% (12 of 22) for group B; 48 hours after surgery, 92% (23 of 25) for group A versus 81.8% (18 of 22) for group B (both P < 0.05). No serious adverse events occurred.
CONCLUSION
Postoperative ramosetron injection is effective for the prevention of PONV after a laparoscopic colectomy in colorectal-cancer patients.

Keyword

Ramosetron; Postoperative nausea and vomiting; Laparoscopic colectomy

MeSH Terms

Analgesia, Patient-Controlled
Colectomy*
Colorectal Neoplasms
Humans
Incidence
Nausea*
Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
Serotonin
Vomiting*
Serotonin
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