Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci.  2018 Feb;16(1):7-17. 10.9758/cpn.2018.16.1.7.

Cognitive Deficits in Schizophrenia: Understanding the Biological Correlates and Remediation Strategies

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India. skkar1981@yahoo.com

Abstract

Cognitive deficits are one of the core symptoms of schizophrenia that evolve during the course of schizophrenia, after being originated even before the onset of illness. Existing pharmacological and biological treatment modalities fall short to meet the needs to improve the cognitive symptoms; hence, various cognitive remediation strategies have been adopted to address these deficits. Research evidences suggest that cognitive remediation measures improve the functioning, limit disability bettering the quality of life. The functional outcomes of cognitive remediation in schizophrenia are resultant of neurobiological changes in specific brain areas. Recent years witnessed significant innovations in cognitive remediation strategies in schizophrenia. This comprehensive review highlights the biological correlates of cognitive deficits in schizophrenia and the remedial measures with evidence base.

Keyword

Cognitive symptoms; Schizophrenia; Cognitive remediation; Neurobiology
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