Arch Plast Surg.  2017 Jul;44(4):313-318. 10.5999/aps.2017.44.4.313.

Non-Melanocytic Skin Cancers of the Head and Neck: A Clinical Study in Jeju Province

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju, Korea.
  • 2Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea. ms57@unitel.co.kr
  • 3Department of Preventive Medicine, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Jeju Island is geographically and socioeconomically distinct from the mainland of South Korea. Thus, the presentation and management of non-melanocytic skin cancers (NMSC) of the head and neck may differ from those in other regions of the country. We compared the clinical characteristics and treatment modalities of NMSC on Jeju Island with the findings of similar regional studies.
METHODS
Patient data, including age, sex, diagnosis, tumor site, treatment, and recurrence, were obtained from the medical and pathology records of patients diagnosed with NMSC between January 2010 and June 2015.
RESULTS
In total, 190 patients (57 men) with a mean age of 75 years (range, 42-97) were assessed. Overall, 203 NMSCs were diagnosed, including 123 basal cell carcinomas and 80 squamous cell carcinomas. The tumor sites included the nose, cheeks, periorbital area, and lips (n=55, 54, 25, and 20, respectively). We identified 92 T1-stage and 60 T2-stage tumors, and 120 cases were treated with wide surgical resection and 17 cases were treated with radiation therapy at the medical center. Of the 120 cases treated surgically, 69 required reconstructive surgery using a local skin flap, 22 required full-thickness skin grafting, and 12 underwent primary closure. Basal and squamous cell carcinomas recurred in 2 and 1 cases, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS
Compared to the reports from other regions, the average patient age was 10 years higher, with a marked female preponderance. While the proportion of squamous cell carcinoma was higher than in other regions, the tumor distribution and surgical management profiles were similar.

Keyword

Skin cancer; Basal cell carcinoma; Squamous cell carcinoma
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