J Educ Eval Health Prof.  2015;12:3. 10.3352/jeehp.2015.12.3.

Health-related quality of life and happiness within an internal medicine residency training program: a longitudinal follow-up study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand. abhasnee.sob@mahidol.ac.th
  • 2Section for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Abstract

PURPOSE
While undergoing a hospital residency training program, residents often suffer anxiety and stress. This study aims to evaluate the change in health-related quality of life and happiness among internal medicine residents, and identify prognostic factors.
METHODS
Thirty-eight residents in the Ramathibodi Hospital internal medicine training program completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF and happiness Measures questionnaires at three time points: commencement, day 100, and the end of the second year of training. Confidence, expectations, anxiety, and general health were rated. Analyses were performed with mixed linear regression.
RESULTS
Financial problems were reported for 16 residents (42.1%). At baseline, most residents had moderate-to-very high confidence, expectations, and general health but also moderate-to-very high anxiety. The health-related quality of life score was highest in the social domain followed by the environmental, psychological, and physical domains. Their psychological, physical, social, and environmental scores significantly decreased after enrollment. Their happiness and general health scores were significantly reduced after enrollment. The training program duration was negatively associated with all domains. Residents with greater confidence had higher health-related quality of life scores in the physical, psychological, and environmental domains. Moreover, their general health was positively associated with the social and environmental domains.
CONCLUSION
A reduction in health-related quality of life and happiness under the internal medicine residency program is reported. High confidence and good physical health may counterbalance the decline in health-related quality of life and happiness.

Keyword

Anxiety; Follow-up studies; Internship and residency; Linear models; Quality of life

MeSH Terms

Anxiety
Education*
Follow-Up Studies*
Happiness*
Internal Medicine*
Internship and Residency*
Linear Models
Quality of Life*
World Health Organization

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