J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2017 Dec;28(4):440-449. 10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.4.440.

The Death Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms among Poor Older Women in Rural Areas: The Moderating Effect of Social Support

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Research Institute for Basic Science, Hoseo University, Asan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Gachon University, Incheon, Korea. camassia@naver.com
  • 3Department of Nursing Science, Sunmoon University, Asan, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was conducted to identify the moderate effect of social support on the relationship between death anxiety and depressive symptoms among poor older women in rural areas.
METHODS
This was a secondary analysis of the data from 209 women who were participated in the intervention study to evaluate the effectiveness of depression prevention program. Data were collected between April and September 2012. The data were analyzed using moderate multiple regressions.
RESULTS
Among these poor older women, depressive symptoms were associated with death anxiety and social support. Self-esteem support had a moderating effect on the relationship between death anxiety and depressive symptoms.
CONCLUSION
The results indicate that the self-esteem support was effective in decreasing depressive symptoms and death anxiety in poor older women. In order to reduce their depression and make positive changes in their lives, self-esteem improvement programs are needed.

Keyword

Elderly; Anxiety; Depression; Social support; Self esteem; Death
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