J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2017 Dec;28(4):386-396. 10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.4.386.

Influences of Social Support, Self-esteem and Hope on Health Conservation of the Vulnerable Elderly with Diabetes

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Catholic Sangji Colleg, Andong, Korea. angelofer@hanmail.net
  • 3College of Nursing, Yeungnam University College, Daegu, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of social support, self - esteem, hope, and health conservation of the vulnerable elderly people with diabetes.
METHODS
Participants were 100 vulnerable elderly people with diabetes living in D or K cities. Data collection was done through interviews from February to March, 2016. Social support was measured with the MOS-SSS (Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey), self-esteem with Self-Esteem Scale, hope with the Nowotny Hope Scale, and health conservation with the Sung's Health Conservation Scale. IBM SPSS 20.0 was used to analyze descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, independent t-test, Pearson correlation, and stepwise multiple regression.
RESULTS
Factors affecting the health conservation of the vulnerable elderly people were social support, hope, education level and subjective health status. These factors explained 64.9% of the health conservation.
CONCLUSION
It is necessary to construct a comprehensive nursing classification system for elderly people with diabetes in vulnerable class and to develop integrated health conservation program and nursing care as a new social support resource.

Keyword

Vulnerable populations; Social support; Self concept; Hope; Aged

MeSH Terms

Aged*
Classification
Data Collection
Diagnostic Self Evaluation
Education
Hope*
Humans
Nursing
Nursing Care
Self Concept
Vulnerable Populations
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