Korean J Spine.  2017 Sep;14(3):96-98. 10.14245/kjs.2017.14.3.96.

Spontaneous Epidural Hematoma Associated with Venous Phlebolith in Cervical Spine and Possible Pathogenesis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurosurgery & Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea. farlateral@hanmail.net

Abstract

Although the etiology of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is unclear, SSEH is known to be associated with anticoagulants, coagulopathy, vascular malformation, hypertension, and pregnancy. However, no report has been issued on the relation between SSEH and venous phlebolith. Here, the authors present an extremely rare case of SSEH associated with phlebolith in the cervical spine and suggest a possible pathogenesis. A 36-year-old man without any relevant medical history presented with neck pain and numbness and severe radiating pain on the left arm. Magnetic resonance imaging showed epidural hematoma at the C5-7 level, and computed tomography revealed a calcified nodule in the left epidural hemorrhage at C6 level. During left partial laminectomy, epidural venous plexus, and thick epidural hematoma were found, and hematoma removal revealed a white, ovoid, smooth, hard mass of diameter 3 mm. Histopathologic examination confirmed the mass as a venous phlebolith. The presence of a calcified solitary nodule in dorsal epidural space indicates the presence of phlebolith and the risk of SSEH. In such cases, the authors recommend spine surgeons should take into consideration the possibility of epidural hemorrhage.

Keyword

Spinal epidural hematoma; Phlebolith; Venous malformation

MeSH Terms

Adult
Anticoagulants
Arm
Epidural Space
Hematoma*
Hematoma, Epidural, Spinal
Hemorrhage
Humans
Hypertension
Hypesthesia
Laminectomy
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Neck Pain
Pregnancy
Spine*
Surgeons
Vascular Malformations
Anticoagulants
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