J Gynecol Oncol.  2018 Jan;29(1):e7. 10.3802/jgo.2018.29.e7.

Epidemiology of gynecologic cancers in China

Affiliations
  • 1Group of Molecular Epidemiology & Cancer Precision Prevention (GMECPP), Institute of Occupational Diseases, Zhejiang Academy of Medical Sciences (ZJAMS), Hangzhou, China. t.chen@zjams.com.cn
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine, Ningbo University Medical School, Ningbo, China.

Abstract

Cancer has become a major disease burden across the globe. It was estimated that 4.29 million new incident cases and 2.81 million death cases of cancer would occur in 2015 in China, with the age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) of 201.1 per 100,000 and age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) of 126.9 per 100,000, respectively. For females, 2 of the top 10 most common types of cancer would be gynecologic cancers, with breast cancer being the most prevalent (268.6 thousand new incident cases) and cervical cancer being the 7th most common cancer (98.9 thousand new incident cases). The incidence and mortality of gynecologic cancers have been constantly increasing in China over last 2 decades, which become a major health concern for women. Survival rates of gynecologic cancers are generally not satisfactory and decrease along with advancing stage, though national data on survival are still not available. It is of great importance to overview on the epidemiology of gynecologic cancers, which may provide scientific clues for strategy-making of prevention and control, and eventually lowering the incidence and mortality rate as well as improving the survival rate in the future.

Keyword

Genital Neoplasms, Female; Epidemiology; Incidence; Mortality; Survival; China

MeSH Terms

Breast Neoplasms
China*
Epidemiology*
Female
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Humans
Incidence
Mortality
Survival Rate
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
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