Osong Public Health Res Perspect.  2017 Aug;8(4):275-281. 10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.4.08.

Body-related Perspectives and Weight Control Methods of Korean-Chinese Nursing School Students in Yanbian, China: A Pilot Study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nutrition Education, Graduate School of Education, Kyonggi University, Suwon, Korea. joungheelee@kgu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Nursing Science, Yanbian University of Science and Technology, Yanji, China.
  • 3Mercy Corps, Shenyang, China.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
This study aimed at identifying the current nutrition knowledge, body-related perspectives, and weight control behaviors of Korean-Chinese college students.
METHODS
We conducted a pilot study by employing a healthy weight education program targeting Korean-Chinese nursing school students at the Yanbian University of Science and Technology in Yanbian, China.
RESULTS
This pilot study included 40 participants (38 women and 2 men; mean age, 20.5 years). The current weight status of the participants was as follows: 7.9% underweight, 78.9% normal weight, 7.9% overweight, and 5.3% obese. However, nearly two-thirds of the participants were dissatisfied with their current body size (43.6% a little dissatisfied; 20.5% very dissatisfied). Fifty percent of the participants perceived their current body size as being either slightly fat (35.0%) or very fat (15.0%). The following unhealthy weight control methods were commonly used among the 24 participants who practiced weight control: (1) laxatives or diuretics (91.7%), (2) saunas or spas (87.5%), and (3) a one-food diet (79.2%). In addition, the nutrition knowledge of the participants increased by 24 points from 117 points (pretest) to 141 points (posttest) through the healthy weight education program.
CONCLUSION
The findings of this study indicate an urgent need to educate Korean-Chinese college students on healthy weight control methods and body-related perspectives.

Keyword

body weight; weight loss; weight perception; college students; China

MeSH Terms

Body Size
Body Weight
China*
Diet
Diuretics
Education
Female
Humans
Laxatives
Male
Methods*
Nursing*
Overweight
Pilot Projects*
Schools, Nursing*
Steam Bath
Thinness
Weight Loss
Weight Perception
Diuretics
Laxatives
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