Child Kidney Dis.  2017 Oct;21(2):101-106. 10.3339/jkspn.2017.21.2.101.

Clinical Experiences with Febrile Infants, Younger than Three Months, with Urinary Tract Infection in a Single Center for Four Years: Incidence, Pathogens and Viral Co-infections

  • 1Cheil General Hospital & Women's Health Care Center Dankook University College of Medicine Seoul, Korea.


The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence and microbiological characteristics of urinary tract infection in infants aged younger three months and to compare with other infection with positive urine culture.
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 425 infants with a tympanic temperature >37.6℃, aged younger than three months, who were admitted to Cheil General Hospital in Seoul, Korea, from January 2013 to December 2016. Demographic and clinical features, laboratory findings, respiratory virus PCR and the pathogens of a urine culture were analyzed.
A total of 88 infants (63 males, 25 females) had urinary pathogens detected in the urine culture test. The incidence of UTI in febrile infants aged younger 3 months was 11%. The most common pathogen which causes UTI was E. coli as same as in previous studies. They were divided into a UTI group (n=48) and a non-UTI group (n=40). In comparison of both group, leukocytosis, C-reactive protein level, Absolute neutrophil count level, peak temperature is statistically significant. In both group, there were co-infections with viral pathogens in some cases, and the odd ratio of non-UTI group with viral infection was 3.28.
The study determined the incidence and pathogen of UTI in febrile infants, aged younger three months. E. coli was responsible for the majority UTI. There were some viral co-infections in febrile infants with bacteriuria and incidence was higher in non-UTI group. WBC count, ANC count and CRP level were the differentiating factors of UTI from non-UTI group.


Young infants; Urinary tract infection; Urinary pathogen; Virus infection
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