J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2017 Sep;28(3):334-346. 10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.3.334.

A Comparative Study between American Public Health Nurse Core Competency and Community Health Nursing Practicum in a Province

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Sangmyung University, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Namseoul University, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 3Department of Nursing, Korea Nazarene University, Cheonan, Korea. sshyun@kornu.ac.kr
  • 4Department of Nursing, Sunmoon University, Asan, Korea.
  • 5Department of Nursing, Chungwoon University, Hongseong, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study attempts to examine the extent to which competencies were identified in a Korean community nursing practice based on the 11 core competencies required by US health nurses.
METHODS
This was a descriptive research study, and the subjects of this study were 11 students who were in a four-year nursing course. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire from October 19 to November 22, 2016.
RESULTS
Core competencies in total were practiced in 60.0% to 98.5% of schools in Korea. Among these, competencies corresponding to the practice level of "˜high' were identified as "˜communicating effectively with community nursing subjects and colleagues, and accepting various personal characteristics without criticism or prejudice'. On the other hand, competencies corresponding to the practice level of "˜low' were identified as "˜to comply with social justice, public good, public health principles, and leadership in a community nursing practice'.
CONCLUSION
This study can be used as a resource to categorize the competence of nursing students expected in the field of community nursing. Based on a careful review of core competencies with low practice, it is necessary to seek specific practical strategies to strengthen these competencies in the future.

Keyword

Public health nursing; Community health nursing; Competence
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