J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2017 Jun;28(2):206-215. 10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.2.206.

The Evaluation of Feasibility and Predictive Validity of Comprehensive Korean Frailty Instrument: Using the 2008 and 2011 Living Profiles of Older People Survey in Korea

  • 1College of Nursing, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea. oem76@hanyang.ac.kr


This study aimed to verify the predictive validity of Comprehensive Korean Frailty Instrument (CKFI) among older adults.
A secondary analysis of data from a prospective cohort study was conducted. Frailty was determined in older adults (N=9,188) according to the data in 2008 and the effects of frailty on adverse outcomes (such as institutionalization and death) were evaluated according to the data in 2011. The Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) index was used to compare with the predictive validity of CKFI.
The prevalence of frailty was 26.3%. With the CKFI, the frail group had a higher risk of negative health outcomes compared to the robust and pre-frail groups after three years. The two of the highest risks identified using the CKFI and CHS index were institutionalization (5.522 times higher) and mortality (3.210 times higher). For both instruments, the survival analysis revealed that the risk of death increased as the degree of frailty increased.
The CKFI consisting of self-report items and multidimensional aspects of frailty can be used as a simple instrument for assessing the frailty of older adults residing in a local community in Korea.


Frail elderly; Validation studies; Prevalence; Mortality; Long term adverse effects
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