Asian Oncol Nurs.  2017 Sep;17(3):188-199. 10.5388/aon.2017.17.3.188.

Effects of a Group Coaching Program on Depression, Anxiety and Hope in Women with Breast Cancer Undergoing Chemotherapy

  • 1Department of Nursing, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a group coaching program (GCP) on depression, anxiety, and hope in women breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.
A total of 152 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to an experimental group receiving the GCP (N=76) and an untreated control group (N=76). Data collection consisted of three measurements of depression, anxiety, and hope (pre, post, and 3weeks later). The intervention was a one-time GCP consisting of 5 subparts for 30~40 minutes for a group of 3~4 people, conducted by a single nurse.
The scores of depression, anxiety, and hope changed significantly over time (p<.001, p<.001, p<.001). Depression, anxiety, and hope changes were significantly different between the experimental and control groups (p<.001, p<.001, p<.001). There was a difference in depression, anxiety, and hope among the groups according to the implementation of the GCP (p<.001, p<.001, p<.001). In the experimental group, depression, anxiety, and hope level were significantly different between the pre- and post-test (p<.001), pre- and 3weeks later-test (p<.001), but not in the control group.
The GCP for women breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy was effective in reducing depression and anxiety, and increasing hope.


Mentoring; Breast Neoplasms; Depression; Anxiety; Hope

MeSH Terms

Breast Neoplasms*
Data Collection
Drug Therapy*


  • Fig. 1 Study flow.

  • Fig. 2 Contents of group coaching program.

  • Fig. 3 Changes and differences on dependent variables scores at pre, post and 3 weeks intervention.


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