Allergy Asthma Respir Dis.  2016 Sep;4(5):311-320. 10.4168/aard.2016.4.5.311.

Human microbiome studies in Korea

  • 1Department of Public Health Sciences, Graduate School, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3School of Biosystem and Biomedical Science, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.


During the second half of the 2000s, the significant impact of human microbiome on human diseases and health conditions was found. Since the Human Microbiome Project, many microbiome studies have been reported in domestic and international references. Gastrointestinal tract microbiome has been most investigated so far, and the association with illness has been demonstrated in many diseases. Recently, the range of study was extended to multiple human organs, such as the respiratory tract, skin, and urogenital tract. Given the scale and speed of research and development in recent years, the role of microbiome in many diseases would be established before long. In this review, we aimed to summarize the current status of microbiome studies in Korea and foreign countries with an emphasis on respiratory tract microbiome. The main concept and analytical methods for microbiome research, associations of microbiome and diseases, and research projects on Korean microbiome are reviewed.


Microbiota; Gastrointestinal microbiome; Metagenomics; Respiratory airflow; Korea
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