Korean J Sports Med.  2017 Sep;35(2):112-120. 10.5763/kjsm.2017.35.2.112.

The Effects of 11+ Program on Technical Skills and Balance Ability of High School Soccer Players

  • 1Department of Physical Therapy, The Graduate School, Hanseo University, Seosan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Social Physical Education, Seonam University, Namwon, Korea. jk63229118@gmail.com


This study aims to examine the effect of 8-week 11+ program on technical skills and balance abilities of high school soccer players. This study targeted 40 soccer players from G and K club in Gyeonggi-do and 20 players from G team and 20 players from K team were placed in the training group and the control group, respectively. For data analysis, variable values of the two groups before and after intervention were calculated as averages and standard deviations using the SPSS ver. 21.0 statistic program. For analyzing within-group differences, paired t-test was conducted and for analyzing between-group differences, independent sample t-test was conducted. The statistical significance level was set at 0.05. The major study findings are as follows. First, the 11+ program was more effective in improving Jug 200 and short pass ability than static stretching. Second, the 11+ program was more effective in the posteromedial and posterolateral areas of Y-balance test than static stretching. These results demonstrate that the 11+ program is relatively effective in improving technical skills and balance abilities of soccer players. Therefore, it is considered that it is important to introduce and distribute the 11+ program to leaders, who are responsible for enhancing skills of soccer players.


Soccer; Warm-up exercise; Postural balance; Proprioception

MeSH Terms

Muscle Stretching Exercises
Postural Balance
Statistics as Topic
Warm-Up Exercise


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