Korean J Community Nutr.  2017 Aug;22(4):289-297. 10.5720/kjcn.2017.22.4.289.

Relationship among Life Stress, Dietary Behaviors and High-fat Snack Intake in High School Students in Gyeonggi Area

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food Service and Clinical Nutrition, Ajou University Hospital, Suwon, Korea.
  • 2Department of Food and Nutrition, Myongji University, Yongin, Korea. khsong@mju.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
Stress during adolescence is related to undesirable nutritional intake and negatively affects the growth and development. This study was performed to investigate the relationship among life stress, dietary behaviors and the intake of high-fat containing snacks in male and female high school students in Gyeonggi-do area.
METHODS
The subjects were 700 high school students (350 males, 350 females) in Gyeonggi-do from July to September 2014 and the survey was performed by using questionnaire that included general characteristics, dietary behaviors, high-fat containing snacks intake, and daily life stress.
RESULTS
There was a gender difference in health-related life style and dietary behaviors, and the life stress was significantly higher in female students than in male students. For health-related life style, exercise frequency, hours of sleep and conversation time with parents had significantly negative correlations with life stress, while smoking and perceived stress had significantly positive correlations with life stress. For dietary behaviors, the frequency of eating-out had a significantly negative correlation with life stress, while the changes in amount of meal intake under stress had a significantly positive correlation with life stress. The fat intake of "˜high-stress group' was significantly higher and high-fat containing snacks consumed by this group consisted of cookies, honey bread and fried foods.
CONCLUSIONS
It is necessary to develop appropriate programs for the emotional stability and stress relief of adolescents that provide continuous nutrition education focused on proper snack intake, desirable dietary behaviors and nutritional aspects.

Keyword

Life stress; dietary behaviors; high-fat containing snacks; high school students

MeSH Terms

Adolescent
Bread
Education
Female
Growth and Development
Gyeonggi-do*
Honey
Humans
Life Style
Male
Meals
Parents
Smoke
Smoking
Snacks*
Stress, Psychological*
Smoke
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