Saf Health Work.  2016 Jun;7(2):89-96. 10.1016/j.shaw.2016.02.002.

Creating a Culture of Prevention in Occupational Safety and Health Practice

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Republic of Korea. yanghokm@ulsan.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Occupational Health, Catholic University of Daegu, Gyongsan, Republic of Korea.
  • 3Corporate Social Responsibility, Yakjin Trading Corporation, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

The incidence of occupational injuries and diseases associated with industrialization has declined markedly following developments in science and technology, such as engineering controls, protective equipment, safer machinery and processes, and greater adherence to regulations and labor inspections. Although the introduction of health and safety management systems has further decreased the incidence of occupational injuries and diseases, these systems are not effective unless accompanied by a positive safety culture in the workplace. The characteristics of work in the 21st century have given rise to new issues related to workers' health, such as new types of work-related disorders, noncommunicable diseases, and inequality in the availability of occupational health services. Overcoming these new and emerging issues requires a culture of prevention at the national level. The present paper addresses: (1) how to change safety cultures in both theory and practice at the level of the workplace; and (2) the role of prevention culture at the national level.

Keyword

change; health promotion; occupational health; prevention culture; safety culture
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