Korean J Rehabil Nurs.  2017 Jun;20(1):12-21. 10.7587/kjrehn.2017.12.

The Effects of a Horticultural Program based on Cox's Interaction Model on Ability for Daily Life and Depression in Older Patients with Mild Dementia

Affiliations
  • 1Medical Center of Occupational Environment, Changwon, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing · Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea. sung@gnu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study attempts to examine the effects of a horticultural program on activities of daily living (ADL) and depression among older patients with mild dementia.
METHODS
This study adopted a quasi-experimental design-based nonequivalent control group pretest and posttest design, enrolling 30 older patients with mild dementia. The Korean Form of Geriatric Depression Scale was utilized, while the data was collected from the experimental group for 60 minutes, twice weekly for 6 weeks in 12 sessions. ADL and depression were assessed for both the experimental and the control group. Overall functions were assessed only for the experimental group.
RESULTS
The experimental group showed improvement in physical function, cognitive function, as well as psychological, emotional function and social function following each session (p<.001). The horticulture program was effective in both ADL (Z²=5.65, p<.001) and depression (t=-5.24, p<.001).
CONCLUSION
In this study, the horticultural therapy based on the Cox's interaction model had positive effects for older patients with mild dementia. Therefore, horticultural therapy may be commendably applied to older patients with mild dementia as a nursing intervention.

Keyword

Cox's interaction model; ADL; Horticulture; Dementia; Depression

MeSH Terms

Activities of Daily Living
Cognition
Dementia*
Depression*
Horticultural Therapy
Humans
Nursing
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