Asian Spine J.  2017 Aug;11(4):538-547. 10.4184/asj.2017.11.4.538.

Adjacent Disc Stress Following Floating Lumbar Spine Fusion: A Finite Element Study

Affiliations
  • 1Mahindra Technical Academy, Chennai, India.
  • 2HOSMAT Hospital, McGrath Road, Bangalore, India. docmnkumar@gmail.com
  • 3Centre for Product Design and Manufacturing, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. PURPOSE: The study aimed to develop a finite element (FE) model to determine the stress on the discs adjacent to the fused segment following different types of floating lumbar spinal fusions. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: The quantification of the adjacent disc stress following different types of floating lumbar fusions has not been reported. The magnitude of the stress on the discs above and below the floating fusion remains unknown.
METHODS
A computer-aided engineering-based approach using implicit FE analysis was employed to assess the stress on the lumbar discs above and below the floating fusion segment (L4-L5) following anterior and posterior lumbar spine fusions at one, two, and three levels (with and without instrumentation).
RESULTS
Both discs suprajacent and infrajacent to the floating fusion experienced increased stress, but the suprajacent disc experienced relatively high stress level. Instrumentation increased the stress on the discs suprajacent and infrajacent to the floating fusion, but the magnitude of stress on the suprajacent disc remained relatively high.
CONCLUSIONS
The FE model was employed under similar loading and boundary conditions to provide quantitative data, which will be useful for clinicians to understand the probable long-term effects of floating fusions.

Keyword

Lumbar vertebrae; Spinal fusion; Intervertebral disc; Intervertebral disc degeneration
Full Text Links
  • ASJ
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2021 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr