Asian Nurs Res.  2017 Jun;11(2):92-97. 10.1016/j.anr.2017.05.002.

Structural Equation Model of Smartphone Addiction Based on Adult Attachment Theory: Mediating Effects of Loneliness and Depression

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychotherapy, College of Public Health and Safety, Kyungil University, Kyungsan, South Korea.
  • 2Department of Christian Counseling, Torch Trinity Graduate, University, Seoul, South Korea.
  • 3Department of Nursing, College of Health and Medical Science, Daejeon University, Daejeon, South Korea. ejkim@dju.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study investigated the mediating effects of loneliness and depression on the relationship between adult attachment and smartphone addiction in university students.
METHODS
A total of 200 university students participated in this study. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and structural equation modeling.
RESULTS
There were significant positive relationships between attachment anxiety, loneliness, depression, and smartphone addiction. However, attachment anxiety was not significantly correlated with smartphone addiction. The results also showed that loneliness did not directly mediate between attachment anxiety and smartphone addiction. In addition, loneliness and depression serially mediated between attachment anxiety and smartphone addiction.
CONCLUSION
The results suggest there are mediating effects of loneliness and depression in the relationship between attachment anxiety and smartphone addiction. The hypothesized model was found to be a suitable model for predicting smartphone addiction among university students. Future study is required to find a causal path to prevent smartphone addiction among university students.

Keyword

smartphone; family relations; loneliness; depression; habits
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