Int J Arrhythm.  2017 Jun;18(2):108-112. 10.18501/arrhythmia.2017.017.

ST segment

  • 1Division of Cardiology, Gyeongsang National University Changwon Hospital, Changwon, Republic of Korea.


The ST segment corresponds to the plateau phase of ventricular repolarization, i.e., phase 2 of the action potential. Heightened awareness of the characteristic patterns of ST segment changes is vital to quickly identifying life-threatening disorders. The differential diagnosis of ST segment elevation includes four major processes: ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI); early repolarization; pericarditis; and ST elevation secondary to an abnormality of the QRS complex (left bundle branch block, left ventricular hypertrophy, or preexcitation). Other processes that may be associated with ST elevation include hyperkalemia, pulmonary embolism, and Brugada syndrome. Two particular patterns of ST segment depression reflect STEMI rather than non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome: ST segment depression that is reciprocal to a subtle and sometimes overlooked ST-segment elevation, and ST segment depression that is maximal in leads V₁-V₃, suggesting true posterior infarction. The clinical setting and specific electrocardiographic criteria often allow identification of the cause.


ST segment Elevation; ST segment Depression; Acute Coronary Syndrome
Full Text Links
  • IJA
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2021 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: