Exp Mol Med.  2017 Jun;49(6):e347. 10.1038/emm.2017.76.

Effects of chronic alcohol exposure on ischemia–reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury in mice: the role of β-arrestin 2 and glycogen synthase kinase 3

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Blood Purification, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China. lhwwanglihua@sina.com
  • 2Department of Neurology, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China.
  • 3Department of Hematology, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Key Laboratory of Hematology of Hebei Province, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China. zjyhbsjz@163.com

Abstract

Little is known about the effects of chronic alcohol intake on the outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI). Hence, we examined the effects of chronic alcohol intake on the development of renal fibrosis following AKI in an animal model of bilateral renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. We first found that chronic alcohol exposure exacerbated bilateral IR-induced renal fibrosis and renal function impairment. This phenomenon was associated with increased bilateral IR-induced extracellular matrix deposition and an increased myofibroblast population as well as increased bilateral IR-induced expression of fibrosis-related genes in the kidneys. To explore the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon, we showed that chronic alcohol exposure enhanced β-arrestin 2 (Arrb2) expression and Akt and glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK3)β activation in the kidneys. Importantly, pharmacological GSK3 inhibition alleviated bilateral IR-induced renal fibrosis and renal function impairment. Furthermore, we demonstrated that Arrb2(−/−) mice exhibited resistance to IR-induced renal fibrosis and renal function impairment following chronic alcohol exposure, and these effects were associated with attenuated GSK3β activation in the kidneys. Taken together, our results suggest that chronic alcohol exposure may potentiate AKI via β-arrestin 2/Akt/GSK3β-mediated signaling in the kidney.


MeSH Terms

Acute Kidney Injury*
Animals
Extracellular Matrix
Fibrosis
Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3*
Glycogen Synthase Kinases*
Glycogen Synthase*
Glycogen*
Kidney
Mice*
Models, Animal
Myofibroblasts
Glycogen
Glycogen Synthase
Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3
Glycogen Synthase Kinases
Full Text Links
  • EMM
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error