Asian Oncol Nurs.  2017 Jun;17(2):116-123. 10.5388/aon.2017.17.2.116.

A Study of the Relationships between Compassion Fatigue, Compassion Satisfaction, Depression, Anxiety, and Sleep Disorders among Oncology Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Dong-A University Medical Center, Busan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Dong-A University, Busan, Korea. hjna21@donga.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was conducted to identify the relationships between various factors, including compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, depression, anxiety, and sleep disorders among oncology nurses.
METHODS
A convenience sample of 140 oncology nurses from 3 university hospitals completed questionnaires. The collected data were analyzed using t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and Kruskal-Wallis tests.
RESULTS
Compassion fatigue is composed of secondary traumatic stress and burnout. The levels of compassion fatigue showed significant positive correlations with depression, anxiety, and sleep disorder. On the other hand, the levels of compassion satisfaction showed significant negative correlations with compassion fatigue, depression, anxiety, and sleep disorders. The subjects in the at-risk and very distressed group of compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction risk profile had significantly higher levels of depression, anxiety, and sleep disorders.
CONCLUSION
Such efforts will help reduce the level of depression, anxiety, and sleep disorders in oncology nurses at-risk of developing compassion fatigue. It is also necessary to provide organization support for oncology nurses, and to develop an intervention that is designed to mitigate their compassion fatigue and to promote compassion satisfaction.

Keyword

Compassion Fatigue; Depression; Anxiety; Sleep Disorders

MeSH Terms

Anxiety*
Compassion Fatigue*
Depression*
Empathy*
Hand
Hospitals, University
Sleep Wake Disorders*
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