J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2017 May;24(2):95-105. 10.7739/jkafn.2017.24.2.95.

Factors Relating to Quality of Life in Korean Breast Cancer Patients: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

  • 1Department of Nursing, Silla University, Busan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Dong-A University, Busan, Korea. mjkim@dau.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Nursing, Kaya University, Gimhae, Korea.


A systematic literature review and meta-analysis were conducted to synthesis research findings on relationships of quality of life with multi-dimensional correlates in Korean breast cancer patients.
For the study purpose
, 18 studies were selected through a systematic process of searching the literature.
Among the general characteristics, variables having a significant relationship with quality of life were age (ES=.19), marital status (ES=.15), education (ES=.19), economic status (ES=.16), job status (ES=.10), and religion (ES=.13). Among the disease characteristics, type of treatment (ES=.12), length of time since diagnosis (ES=.13), stage of disease (ES=.14), length of time since operation (ES=.10), frequency of treatment (ES=.19), wound site and pain (ES=.16) were shown to have a significant relationship with quality of life. Depression (ES=-.60), one of the psychological factor, was the variable most significantly related to quality of life.
The findings indicate that the variables which strongly impact quality of life in breast cancer patients are depression and pain.


Breast cancer; Quality of life; Review; Meta-analysis
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