Korean J Gastroenterol.  2017 Feb;69(2):96-101. 10.4166/kjg.2017.69.2.96.

A Review of Diagnosis of GERD

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Korea. jidmd@uuh.ulsan.kr

Abstract

The prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and the incidence of some of its complications have risen strikingly over the last few decades. With the accumulation in our understanding on the pathophysiology of GERD along with the development of proton pump inhibitors, the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to the GERD have changed dramatically over the past decade. However, The GERD still poses a problem to many clinicians since the spectrum of the disease has evolved to encompass more challenging presentations such as refractory GERD and extraesophageal manifestations. The aim of this article was to provide a review of available current diagnostic tests of the GERD, includes proton pump inhibitor test, ambulatory pH monitoring, impedance pH monitoring, mucosa impedance, and high resolution manometry. This review discusses different modalities for the work up of GERD.

Keyword

Gastroesophageal reflux disease; Proton pump inhibitor test; Esophageal pH monitoring; Impedance pH monitoring; Mucosa impedance

MeSH Terms

Diagnosis*
Diagnostic Tests, Routine
Electric Impedance
Esophageal pH Monitoring
Gastroesophageal Reflux*
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Incidence
Manometry
Mucous Membrane
Prevalence
Proton Pump Inhibitors
Proton Pumps
Proton Pump Inhibitors
Proton Pumps
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