Korean J Gastroenterol.  2017 May;69(5):316-320. 10.4166/kjg.2017.69.5.316.

Hepatobronchial Fistula and Lung Abscess after Transarterial Chemoembolization

  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. dyk1025@yuhs.ac
  • 2Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a common treatment modality to locally manage hepatocellular carcinoma. Liver abscess and bile duct injury are common complications of TACE. However, hepatobronchial fistula is a rare complication. Herein, we report a case of lung abscess due to hepatobronchial fistula after TACE. A 67-year-old man, who had underwent TACE 6 months ago, presented cough and bile-colored sputum. He was diagnosed with lung abscess and hepatobronchial fistula. We performed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; however, there was no improvement in his symptoms. Thereafter, partial hepatectomy and repair of fistula were successively conducted.


Chemoembolization, therapeutic; Bronchial fistula; Carcinoma, hepatocellular; Lung abscess
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