Perspect Nurs Sci.  2017 Apr;14(1):37-44. 10.16952/pns.2017.14.1.37.

Current Status and Vitalizing Strategies of Advanced Practice Nurses in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Clinical Nurse Specialist, Department of Hematology, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Former Professor, Korea Human Resource Development Institute for Health and Welfare, Cheongju, Korea.
  • 3Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Sungshin Women's University, Seoul, Korea. kclim@sungshin.ac.kr
  • 4Advanced Practice Nurse, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.
  • 5Advanced Practice Nurse, Infection Control Team, Team Leader, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • 6Professor, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Ulsan, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study aimed to provide information on the developmental process and current status of Advanced Practice Nurses (APN) and to suggest ways for activating APN roles in Korea.
METHODS
We reviewed literatures to explore domestic and international trends related to the roles, practice settings, scope of practice, regulatory policies, and political environment of APN.
RESULTS
Interest in the APN role has been gaining ground worldwide. While the roles of APN in the USA, Taiwan and Japan have been changed in terms of legislation and institutional regulations, the role of APN in 12 fields except for APN in home care has not been legislated since qualification was specified in Korean Medical Law. Many problems were found in vitalizing APN roles: absence of legal regulations on the scope of practice or health insurance coverage for APN, increase the number of medical support staffs who are not qualified, and a disagreement regarding the qualification field and practical field.
CONCLUSION
This study presents snapshots and vitalizing strategies of practice, and regulation for APN to develop their unique roles in Korea. The tasks and duties of APN should be identified specifically to fulfill their roles. In terms of national health insurance policy APN's Nursing care should be reimbursed just as nursing care of APN in home care.

Keyword

Advanced practice nurse; Policy; Strategies; Advanced nursing care insurance benefits
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