Saf Health Work.  2017 Mar;8(1):42-48. 10.1016/j.shaw.2016.06.005.

Simulation and Damage Analysis of an Accidental Jet Fire in a High-Pressure Compressed Pump Shelter

Affiliations
  • 1Bureau of Occupational Safety Research, Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, Ulsan, Republic of Korea. swchoi@kosha.or.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
As one of the most frequently occurring accidents in a chemical plant, a fire accident may occur at any place where transfer or handling of combustible materials is routinely performed.
METHODS
In particular, a jet fire incident in a chemical plant operated under high pressure may bring severe damage. To review this event numerically, Computational Fluid Dynamics methodology was used to simulate a jet fire at a pipe of a compressor under high pressure.
RESULTS
For jet fire simulation, the Kemeleon FireEx Code was used, and results of this simulation showed that a structure and installations located within the shelter of a compressor received serious damage.
CONCLUSION
The results confirmed that a jet fire may create a domino effect that could cause an accident aside from the secondary chemical accident.

Keyword

computational fluid dynamics; jet fire; Kameleon FireEX; radiation; temperature
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