J Korean Diabetes.  2017 Mar;18(1):43-48. 10.4093/jkd.2017.18.1.43.

An Adequate Intake of Carbohydrates for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

  • 1Department of Nutrition, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Korea. beth81@chamc.co.kr


Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is commonly defined a frequent metabolic condition associated with pregnancy that leads to substantial maternal and perinatal complications. Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is the cornerstone treatment on patients with GDM, and accordingly, it has a significant impact in women and newborns. The main purpose of MNT in GDM is carbohydrates because they are the major nutrient affecting postprandial euglycemia. Recent epidemiological studies suggest that low-carbohydrate intake is related to beneficial effects on maternal and newborn outcomes. Current evidence consistently supports the advantages of using the glycemic index for additional benefit. Therefore in this context, we will discuss from summarize studies involving carbohydrate in GDM. In addition, this article describes the efficacy of low glycemic index diet for the management of GDM.


Carbohydrate restricted diet; Gestational diabetes mellitus; Glycemic index; Nutrition therapy
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