Lab Med Online.  2017 Apr;7(2):66-72. 10.3343/lmo.2017.7.2.66.

Proposal of Modified HIL-indices for Determining Hemolysis, Icterus and Lipemia Interference on the Beckman Coulter AU5800 Automated Platform

  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


The amount of interference due to hemolysis, bilirubin, and lipemia can be measured on the AU5800 autoanalyzer (Beckman Coulter, USA) by spectrophotometry. This is reported as semi-quantitative indices, specifically H-index, I-index, and L-index, respectively. In this study, we evaluated the impact of interference using chemistry assays and established the concentration of interfering substances and HIL-index above which analytically significant interference exists, according to CLSI guidelines C56-A and EP7-A2.
Pooled sera including different concentrations of analytes were prepared and mixed with hemoglobin, bilirubin, or Intralipid. These samples were then tested for 35 clinical chemistry analytes by AU5800 and the bias based on interferent concentrations was computed. The interferent concentration above which significant interference exists was calculated from the 50% within-subject biological variation (desirable analytic goal), and the corresponding index was assigned.
Among 35 items evaluated, interference was detected for 12 analytes by hemoglobin, 7 analytes by bilirubin, and 12 analytes by Intralipid. We proposed HIL-index₁ and HIL-index₂ for each analyte according to 2 different medical decision levels. HIL-index₁ and HIL-index₂ were considered more reasonable criteria than the HIL-index from the manufacturer's technical document (HIL-index(TD)). This is because HIL-index(TD) was empirically set to 5% or 10%, and had a wide tolerance range, which was not sufficient to reflect the presence of interference, compared to HIL-index₁ and HIL-index₂.
We have demonstrated hemoglobin, bilirubin, and Intralipid interferences according to CLSI guidelines using the desirable analytic goal. Our results provide applicable information for Beckman Coulter automated chemistry analyzers.


Interference; Hemolysis; Icterus; Lipemia; Chemistry; AU5800
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