Health Policy Manag.  2016 Dec;26(4):325-332. 10.4332/KJHPA.2016.26.4.325.

The Influence of Violence Experience on the Job Stress among Hospital Employees Working at Administration and Discharging Department

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Public Health, Chosun University Graduate School of Health Science, Gwangju, Korea.
  • 2Gwangju Heemang Hospital, Gwangju, Korea.
  • 3Department of Preventive Medicine, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea. mahan@chosun.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Workplace violence was recognized to be social problems that might impact the health status and the job satisfaction of employee in hospitals. This study investigated the current status of violence and job stress among hospital employees working at administration and discharging department.
METHODS
The study subjects were 213 administrative employees working at 20 general hospitals. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaire that included information such as demographics, job-related characteristics, experience of violence, and job stress. The violence was classified as verbal violence, physical threat, and physical violence occurred by patients and caregivers. Analysis of variance, t-tests, correlation analysis, and multiple linear regression analysis were performed to examine the associated factors with job stress.
RESULTS
The levels of verbal violence, physical threat, and physical violence were 1.64±1.08, 0.54±0.67, and 0.04±0.17, respectively. The score of job stress was 2.74±0.50 and it was associated with age, existence of spouse, drinking frequency, subjective health status, disease history, night-time treatment, and public health administration career in simple analysis. In multiple linear regression analysis, the level of verbal violence experience was significantly associated with job stress (B=0.09, p=0.001). Also physical threats (B=0.18, p<0.001) and physical violence (B=0.48, p=0.008) showed positive association with job stress.
CONCLUSION
This study attempted to examine the association between experience of violence and job stress in administrative employees at medical institutions. Levels of violence showed positive correlation with the job stress. Environment improvement to protect employee from violence and management of employees who experienced workplace violence are needed to reduce the job stress.

Keyword

Hospital employees; Job stress; Violence
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