Health Policy Manag.  2016 Dec;26(4):271-278. 10.4332/KJHPA.2016.26.4.271.

Analysing the Effects of Regional Factors on the Regional Variation of Obesity Rates Using the Geographically Weighted Regression

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Health Administration, Yonsei University Graduate School, Wonju, Korea.
  • 2Department of Health Administration, Yonsei University College of Health Sciences, Wonju, Korea. planters@yonsei.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
This study purpose
d to analyze the relationship between regional obesity rates and regional variables.
METHODS
Data was collected from the Korean Statistical Information Service (KOSIS) and Community Health Survey in 2012. The units of analysis were administrative districts such as city, county, and district. The dependent variable was the age-sex adjusted regional obesity rates. The independent variables were selected to represent four aspects of regions: health behaviour factor, psychological factor, socio-economic factor, and physical environment factor. Along with the traditional ordinary least square (OLS) regression analysis model, this study applied geographically weighted regression (GWR) analysis to calculate the regression coefficients for each region.
RESULTS
The OLS results showed that there were significant differences in regional obesity rates in high-risk drinking, walking, depression, and financial independence. The GWR results showed that the size of regression coefficients in independent variables was differed by regions.
CONCLUSION
Our results can help in providing useful information for health policy makers. Regional characteristics should be considered when allocating health resources and developing health-related programs.

Keyword

Obesity; Geographically weighted regression; Regional variation; Ecological study; Spatial regression
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