Korean J Adult Nurs.  2016 Dec;28(6):691-700. 10.7475/kjan.2016.28.6.691.

Effects of a Computerized Cognitive Training on Cognitive Function, Depression, Self-esteem, and Activities of Daily Living among Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment

Affiliations
  • 1Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Sungshin Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Sungshin Women's University, Seoul, Korea. kclim@sungshin.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a computerized cognitive training on older adults affected by mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in terms of cognitive function, depression, self-esteem, and activities of daily living (ADL).
METHODS
This study used a non-equivalent control group non-synchronized design. A total of 53 older adults who reside in long-term care facilities were recruited, 26 subjects for an experimental group and 27 subjects for a control group. A computerized cognitive training was performed for 20~40 minutes/day, three days/week for ten weeks. Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 21.0 with x² test, Fisher's exact test, and t-test.
RESULTS
Scores of MMSE (t=3.30, p=.002), depression (t=-2.15, p=.036), and self-esteem (t=2.76, p=.008) were significantly better in the experimental group than the control group. However, the difference in ADL (t=-1.01, p=.316) was not significant between the two groups.
CONCLUSION
These findings suggest that the computerized cognitive training can be used as an effective nursing intervention to improve cognitive function and self-esteem and lower depression among older adults with MCI.

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