J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2016 Dec;40(4):231-237. 10.11149/jkaoh.2016.40.4.231.

Relationship between metabolic syndrome components and periodontal health determined using a self-reported questionnaire

  • 1Department of Preventive Dentistry, Kyungpook National University School of Dentistry, Daegu, Korea. cyh1001@knu.ac.kr
  • 2Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Etiology Research Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


Many recent studies have suggested that several systemic conditions, such as obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes, are related to periodontitis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether any particular metabolic syndrome component correlates with the periodontal status.
This study analyzed data from 501 adults (age range, 30 to 64 years) who completed a general physical examination and an oral-health-related questionnaire between January 2014 and June 2014. Periodontitis was already used by the validity and reliability has been proven questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association between metabolic syndrome and the presence of chronic periodontitis.
Among the 501 participants, 81 (16.2%) had metabolic syndrome and 91 (18.2%) had chronic periodontitis. The prevalence of chronic periodontitis was 28.40% (23/81) and 16.19% (68/420) in the participants with and without metabolic syndrome, respectively. The association remained significant after adjusting for sex, age, education, income, occupation, and smoking status; the adjusted odds ratio was 2.03 (95% confidence interval, 1.11 to 3.71).
A significant association exists between metabolic syndrome components and the periodontal status.


Metabolic syndrome; Periodontal health; Self-reported questionnaire
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