J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2016 Dec;40(4):215-221. 10.11149/jkaoh.2016.40.4.215.

Cross-sectional study of the association of vitamins C and D with periodontal status

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea. dhdh@wonkwang.ac.kr
  • 2WBMI and Institute of Wonkwang Dental Research, College of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The purpose
of this study was to examine the association between vitamin C, vitamin D, and periodontal diseases in adults.
METHODS
The data used for analysis were obtained from the sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013-2014). Subjects were 2,702 adults aged from 19 to 64 years. Complex Chi-square tests and complex logistic regression analyses were used to assess the association between vitamins and periodontal status.
RESULTS
There is no statistically significant association between vitamin C intake and periodontal status. Periodontal status of subjects with a low vitamin D (25-hydroxyvitamin D) level was better than that of the subjects with a high level (P<0.05). However, multivariate analysis demonstrated that this association is not statistically significant.
CONCLUSIONS
More follow-up studies are necessary to determine the association of the vitamins C and D with the periodontal diseases.

Keyword

Adults; Periodontal diseases; Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; Vitamin C; Vitamin D
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