J Vet Sci.  2016 Mar;17(1):45-51. 10.4142/jvs.2016.17.1.45.

Time-course changes in the expression levels of miR-122, -155, and -21 as markers of liver cell damage, inflammation, and regeneration in acetaminophen-induced liver injury in rats

Affiliations
  • 1Asan Institute for Life Sciences, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul 05505, Korea. wcson@amc.seoul.kr
  • 2Institute for Innovative Cancer Research, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul 05505, Korea.
  • 3Department of Pathology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul 05505, Korea.

Abstract

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a significant threat to patient health and a major concern during drug development. Recently, multiple circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to be potential biomarkers for DILI. To adapt and validate miRNAs for clinical use, we investigated the time-course changes in miR-122 expression levels in an acetaminophen-induced liver injury model in rats. In addition, miR-155 and miR-21 were evaluated as makers of inflammation and regeneration, respectively, to characterize liver status. Our results revealed that miR-122 is an early and sensitive biomarker of hepatocellular injury at a stage when alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, and total bilirubin were not detectable. However, no significant differences in the expression levels of other miRNAs (miR-155 and -21) were observed between treatment and vehicle groups. Collectively, these time-course changes in the expression levels of miRNAs may be useful as markers for clinical decision-making, in the diagnosis and treatment of DILI.

Keyword

acetaminophen; drug-induced liver injury; miR-122; miR-155; miR-21
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