Korean J healthc assoc Infect Control Prev.  2016 Dec;21(2):74-84. 10.14192/kjhaicp.2016.21.2.74.

Awareness and Performance Level for Healthcare-associated Infection Control among Caregivers at Medium and Small Hospitals

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Mega Hospital, Gimhae, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Changwon National University, Changwon, Korea. bhpark@changwon.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
There is not enough evidence about the level of awareness and performance for healthcare-associated infection control among caregivers working in medium and small hospitals.
METHODS
Self-reported questionnaires were distributed to 144 caregivers who worked at nine medium and small hospitals in Gyeongnam Province. The questionnaire comprised a total of 15 items outlining standard precautions.
RESULTS
The subjects who had less than two years of work experience showed significant differences between awareness and performance in three domains: hand washing (F=4.41, P=.006), protective equipment (F=4.18, P=.008), and linen and environment (F=4.74, P=.004). There was a significant difference between awareness and performance among those working 24 hours in the following areas: hand washing (F=4.19, P=.018) and protective equipment (F=7.31, P=.001).
CONCLUSION
There were significant differences between awareness and performance associated with the importance of infection control, heavy workloads from long working hours, joint caretaking responsibilities, and short careers of less than two years. There is therefore a need to shorten the long working hours of caregivers.

Keyword

Awareness; Caregivers; Infection control; Work performance

MeSH Terms

Bedding and Linens
Caregivers*
Hand Disinfection
Humans
Infection Control*
Joints
Work Performance

Reference

1. Im HS. In: Study of improving service quality of tender for inpatients in Korea [Master's thesis]. Incheon: Inha University; 2004. pp. 1-64.
2. Kim CS. An exploratory study on quality of caregiving service with use of SERVQUAL-targeting inpatients of long-term care hospitals in Daejeon region. Korea J Health Serv Manag. 2011; 5:45–60.
3. Hwang NM. An analysis of the debates on introduction of public caregivers services in acute medical centers. Health Welf Policy Forum. 2010; 170:60–71.
4. Choi SS. In: Study on the improvement of the caregiving workforce supply system [Master's thesis]. Incheon: Inha University; 2007. pp. 1-84.
5. Corrêa I, Moralejo D, Barretti P, El Dib RP. Intervention to improve adherence to guidelines on \'Standard-Precautions\' for the control of healthcare‐associated infections. Cochrane Libr. 2013; 10:1–13.
6. National Law Information Center. Medical Law Enforcement Regulations. [Updated on 6 Oct 2016]. http://www.law.go.kr/lsInfoP.do?lsiSeq=187054#AJAX.
7. Jeong SY, Kim OS, Lee JY. The status of healthcare-associated infection control among healthcare facilities in Korea. J Dig Converg. 2014; 12:353–366.
Article
8. Gunson RN, Shouval D, Roggendorf M, Zaaijer H, Nicholas H, Holzmann H, et al. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in health care workers (HCWs): guidelines for prevention of transmission of HBV and HCV from HCW to patients. J Clin Virol. 2003; 27:213–230.
Article
9. Lee K, Kim H, Lee YW, Ham OK. Factors influencing compliance with standard precautions in intensive care unit and emergency room nurses. J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs. 2012; 19:302–312.
Article
10. Cho GL. In: Influencing factors on the compliance about standard precautions among ICU and ER nurses [Master's thesis]. Seoul: Seoul National University; 2006. pp. 1-45.
11. Lim JD. The relationship between job stress and job satisfaction of geriatric care helpers. J Korean Cont Assoc. 2011; 11:225–235.
Article
12. Lee EH. In: A study on relationship between job stress and job satisfaction of caretaker\'s (Master\'s thesis). Seoul: Ewha Women University; 2003. pp. 1-88.
13. Park EJ, Lim YJ, Cho BH, Sin IJ, Kim SO. A survey on performance of infection control by workers in nursing homes for the elderly. J Korean Gerontol Nurs. 2011; 13:79–90.
14. Ko YM. In: A study on the awareness and performance on infection control of caregivers in home visit care centers and aged care facilities in I city [Master's thesis]. Incheon: Gachon University; 2014. pp. 1-55.
15. Hong KH. In: Factors related to infection control performance of care workers in long-term care facilities [Master's thesis]. Jeju: Jeju National University; 2015. pp. 1-49.
16. Ministry of Health & Welfare. Caregivers education guidelines. [Updated on 4 April 2016]. http://www.mohw.go.kr/front_new/jb/sjb030301vw.jsp?PAR_MENU_ID=03&MENU_ID=0320&CONT_SEQ=330871&page=1.
17. Statistics Korea. Korean standard classification of occupation statistics. [Updated on 1 Sep 2016]. https://kssc.kostat.go.kr:8443/ksscNew_web/kssc/main/main.do?gubun=1#.
18. Askarian M, Memish ZA, Khan AA. Knowledge, practice, and attitude among Iranian nurses, midwives, and students regarding standard isolation precautions. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2007; 28:241–244.
Article
19. Kim YS. In: A study for nosocomial infection control in the emergency rooms. Seoul: Ulsan University, Korea Centers for Disease Control; 2008.
20. Jeong EH. In: Awareness and performance for standard precautions among outpatient clinics nursing staffs in a university-affiliated hospital [Master's thesis]. Ulsan: Ulsan University; 2011. pp. 1-57.
21. Gil HH, Choi JS. Affecting factors of hospital caregivers on the level of practice, knowledge, and importance of work under no guardian. Korean J Occup Health Nurs. 2012; 21:55–65.
Article
22. Kim BH. In: A study on the degree of awareness and performance of the hospital infection control among clinical nurses in a middle-size and a small-sized hospital [Master's thesis]. Seoul: Yonsei University; 2003. pp. 1-77.
23. Shin HY, Kim KH, Kim KS. Study on pediatric nurses\' attitudes and compliance with hospital infection standard precautions. J Korean Acad Child Health Nurs. 2011; 17:238–246.
Article
24. You SJ, Chioi YK. Institutionalization of a patient-sitter program in acute care hospitals. J Korean Cont Assoc. 2013; 13:370–379.
Article
25. Shin YS, Hwang DK, Namgung EH, Min IS, Youn SJ, Jung HS. In: A study on institutionalization of caregiving services. Ministry of Health and Welfare, Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs; 2010. pp. 96-100.
26. Cheun KS. In: A study on the paid caregiver education and job awareness [Master's thesis]. Seoul: Dankook University; 2014. pp. 1-100.
27. Ryu BM, Ryu SM. The effects of infection prevention education program on infection prevention knowledge and attitude to nursing caregiver students. J Koeran Ind Inf Syst Res. 2010; 15:167–177.
28. Choi R, Hwang BD. Care education present condition for caregivers and awareness on legislation on the caregivers system. Korea J Care Manag. 2014; 13:1–19.
29. World Health Organization. Hand Hygiene Self-Assessment Framework 2010. [Updated on Oct 2010]. http://www.who.int/gpsc/country_work/hhsa_framework_October_2010.pdf?ua=1.
30. Chun HK, Kim ML, Hwang JI. Hand hygiene promotion in a hospital setting through the WHO multimodal hand hygiene improvement strategy. Korean J Nosocomial Infect Control. 2014; 19:1–14.
Article
31. Kim JY, Kim BJ. Awareness and performance for standard precautions among health care workers in a general hospital. J Korean Crit Care Nurs. 2012; 5:49–60.
32. Soe YH, Oh Hy. Knowledge, perception, safety climate, and compliance with hospital infection standard precautions among hospital nurses. J Korean Clin Nurs Res. 2010; 16:61–70.
33. Shin KL. In: Policy conference for introduction of hospital without informal caregiver and future prospects. Seoul: 2013.
34. National Law Information Center. [Updated on 6 Oct 2016]. http://www.law.go.kr/lsBylInfoR.do?bylSeq=6591396&lsiSeq=187054#AJAX.
Full Text Links
  • KJHAICP
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2023 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr