Tissue Eng Regen Med.  2016 Dec;13(6):663-676. 10.1007/s13770-016-0148-1.

Three-Dimensional Bio-Printing Equipment Technologies for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

  • 1Department of Nature-Inspired Nanoconvergence Systems, Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, Daejeon, Korea. wdkim@kimm.re.kr
  • 2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.


Three-Dimensional (3D) printing technologies have been widely used in the medical sector for the production of medical assistance equipment and surgical guides, particularly 3D bio-printing that combines 3D printing technology with biocompatible materials and cells in field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. These additive manufacturing technologies can make patient-made production from medical image data. Thus, the application of 3D bio-printers with biocompatible materials has been increasing. Currently, 3D bio-printing technology is in the early stages of research and development but it has great potential in the fields of tissue and organ regeneration. The present paper discusses the history and types of 3D printers, the classification of 3D bio-printers, and the technology used to manufacture artificial tissues and organs.


3D printer; 3D bio-printer; Inkjet; Extrusion; Laser assisted; Electrospinning
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