J Acute Care Surg.  2016 Oct;6(2):57-61. 10.17479/jacs.2016.6.2.57.

Acute Care Surgery Model for Emergency Cholecystectomy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Seonam University Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea.
  • 2Department of Surgery, Seonam University Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea.
  • 3Department of Trauma Surgery, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea. choikangkook@gilhospital.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
Acute care surgery (ACS) models have evolved worldwide over the last decade. However, South Korea has an established trauma system and does not consider the ACS model. This study compares the management and outcome of emergency cholecystectomy in the ACS model to those of traditional on-call attending surgeon model for emergency surgery.
METHODS
Retrospectively collected data for patients who underwent emergency cholecystectomy from May 2013 to January 2015 was analyzed to compare data from a traditional on-call system (OCS) and ACS.
RESULTS
One hundred and twenty-four patients were enrolled in the study (62 patients ACS vs. 62 patients OCS). Hospital stay (days) (ACS=4.29±2.49 vs. OCS=4.82±4.48, p=0.46) and stay in emergency room (minutes) (ACS=213.10±113.99 vs. OCS=241.10±150.73, p=0.20) did not differ significantly between groups. Operation time (minutes) was significantly shorter in the ACS than OCS group (389.97±215.21 vs. 566.35±290.14, p<0.001). Other clinical variables (sex, open-conversion rate, whether the operation was performed at night/holiday, intensive care unit admission rate) did not differ between groups. There was no mortality and readmission.
CONCLUSION
The implementation of the ACS led to shorter operation time and no increase of postoperative mortality and complication.

Keyword

General surgery; Time; Cholecystectomy; Gall bladder; Wounds and injuries
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