J Acute Care Surg.  2016 Oct;6(2):54-56. 10.17479/jacs.2016.6.2.54.

Clinical Significance of Intra-Abdominal Hypertension

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery and Trauma Center, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Korea. traumacrew@uuh.ulsan.kr

Abstract

Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) is defined as steady state pressure in the abdominal cavity. Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) acts as resistance against blood flow. IAH decreases abdominal perfusion pressure, aggravates hemodynamics and organ dysfunction and raises serious risks of morbidity and mortality. IAP should be a goal of resuscitation, and aggressive treatment should be performed to relieve IAH, including therapeutic open abdomen.

Keyword

Intra-abdominal pressure; Intra-abdominal hypertension; Abdominal perfusion pressure
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