J Korean Geriatr Psychiatry.  2016 Oct;20(2):102-107. 10.0000/jkgp.2016.20.2.102.

Effectiveness of Cognitive Training to Instrumental Activities of Daily Living in Community-Dwelling Elderly

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Dongguk University Gyeongju Hospital, Gyeongju, Korea. drphil@dongguk.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Gyeongju, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
This study was aimed to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive training to Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) in community-dwelling elderly.
METHODS
The participant were 786 elders who were aged over 59 years visiting local rest area from February 2015 to November 2015. The demographic data was collected. IADL were evaluated by Seoul-Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (S-IADL). Cognitive functions were evaluated by Korean Version of Mini Mental Status Examination for Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS). Before and after cognitive training, we analysed these data.
RESULTS
In all 15 items of S-IADL, 4 items (using the telephone, grooming, managing belongings, talking recent events) were specially improved (p<0.05).
CONCLUSION
After cognitive training, indoor activities of S-IADL were improved but some items, especially outside activities were not improved for community dwelling elderly. In future, other programs to increase outside activities or social activities should be included in cognitive training programs for community dwelling elderly.

Keyword

Instrumental Activities of Daily Living; Elderly; Cognitive training; Cognitive function
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