J Korean Geriatr Psychiatry.  2016 Oct;20(2):61-67. 10.0000/jkgp.2016.20.2.61.

A Preliminary Study for the Development of the Elderly Smoking Cessation Program : Focus on the Expectancy, Self-Efficacy and Accessing Cognitive Functions

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea. gooddr@yonsei.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Prevent Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
This study aimed to investigate the smoking behavior and attitude about smoking cessation of elderly and to evaluate the effect of accessing cognitive function in order to develop the cessation program for elderly smokers.
METHODS
The participants were 108 enrolled from attending the cessation program of national non-smoking guide center. We examined the Smoking Cessation Motivation Scale, The Perceived Smoking Cessation Effects Scale (PSCES), Smoking selfefficacy/temptation, The Why test and Tobacco Craving Questionnaire. Cognitive status was ascertained by interviewing with geriatric neuropsychiatrist and comprehensive neurocognitive test battery.
RESULTS
The older group had lower negative effect score of PSCES (52.0±17.7, 61.3±16.6, p=0.006) and higher smoking self-efficacy score (29.4±7.2, 26.0±8.3, p=0.028) than younger group. 47.1% of older group and 12.3% of younger group were mild cognitive impairment (p<0.001). The success rate of smoking cessation after 12 weeks was 92.2% in older group and 91.2% in younger group (p=1.00).
CONCLUSION
The results indicate that the smoking cessation of elderly is not so challenge otherwise known as. Although the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment in smokers was higher than the general population, cognitive assessment and feedback might be made of the high success rate of smoking cessation. Further attention should be paid to the elderly tailored smoking cessation program and long-term follow-up.

Keyword

Elderly; Smoking cessation; Expectancy; Self-efficacy; Cognitive function
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