Perspect Nurs Sci.  2016 Oct;13(2):96-109. 10.16952/pns.2016.13.2.96.

Development and Application of a Nursing Assessment Tool for Senior Center Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Graduate Student, College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing · The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. msong@snu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purposes of this study were to develop a nursing assessment tool for senior center nurses, and to test its feasibility and content validity.
METHODS
The study utilized a psychometric test design. Preliminary items were developed based on geriatric health needs and Gordon’s 11 domains of functioning health. Initially, the tool was evaluated for content validity and feasibility. Then, it was administered among 195 older adults in a senior center by a gerontological nurse practitioner. Data were analyzed to describe the nursing problems of the senior center older adults.
RESULTS
The final version of the nursing assessment tool consisted of 27 items. The internal consistency, measured with the Cronbach’s α, was .74. The result of the assessment showed that senior center older adults had high nursing needs in the area of management of chronic diseases (hypertension, diabetes, and lipids), dental care, community relations, safety, elder abuse, health behaviors (such as drinking), mental health (depression, suicide, and cognitive function), and health consultations.
CONCLUSION
The new tool was feasible for use with senior center participants, and it was evaluated as having high content validity by senior center nurses.

Keyword

Nursing assessment; Senior centers; Old adults
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