Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci.  2016 Nov;14(4):383-387. 10.9758/cpn.2016.14.4.383.

Predictors of Suicide Attempts in Clinically Depressed Korean Adolescents

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, Korea. honghj88@gmail.com
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea.
  • 3Department of Psychiatry, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Korea.
  • 4Suicide and School Mental Health Institute, Hallym University, Anyang, Korea.

Abstract

We examined predictors of suicide attempts in clinically depressed adolescents in Korea and gender differences in suicidal behavior. In total, 106 adolescents diagnosed with depressive disorder were recruited in South Korea. We assessed various variables that might affect suicide attempts, and used a structured interview for the diagnosis of depression and comorbidities and to evaluate suicidality. Demographic and clinical characteristics of the subjects were compared between suicide attempt and non-suicide attempt groups and we examined significant predictors of suicide attempts. Gender differences in suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior were also analyzed. Among 106 depressed participants, 50 (47.2%) adolescents were classified in the suicide attempt group. Generally, the suicide attempt and non-suicide attempt group shared similar clinical characteristics. The suicide attempt group had more females, more major depressive disorder diagnoses, more depressive episodes, and higher suicidal ideation than the non-suicide attempt group. Suicidal ideation was the only significant predictor of suicidal attempt, regardless of gender. Higher suicidal ideation frequency scores and more non-suicidal self-injurious behaviors were shown in the female suicide attempt group than the male suicide attempt group. It is recommended that suicidal ideation be assessed regularly and managed rigorously to decrease suicide risks in depressive adolescents.

Keyword

Adolescent; Depression; Suicide; Suicide, attempted; Suicidal ideation
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