Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci.  2016 Nov;14(4):351-356. 10.9758/cpn.2016.14.4.351.

Agomelatine versus Sertraline: An Observational, Open-labeled and 12 Weeks Follow-up Study on Efficacy and Tolerability

Affiliations
  • 1Psychiatry Clinic, Tokat Mental Health Hospital, Tokat, Turkey.
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey. cemcerit@yahoo.com
  • 3Psychiatry Clinic, Tuzla State Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: In this open-labeled, 12 weeks follow-up study, we aimed to compare the efficacy and tolerability of agomelatine with sertraline.
METHODS
The outpatients of adult psychiatry clinic who have a new onset of depression and diagnosed as ‘major depressive episode’ by clinician according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th edition and prescribed agomelatine (25 mg/day) or sertraline (50 mg/day) were included in the study.
RESULTS
The decline of mean Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) scores of agomelatine group was significantly higher than the sertraline group at the end of 2nd week; however, the difference was not significant at the end of 3 months. Mean Clinical Global Impression-Improvement scale (CGI-I) scores of agomelatine group was lower than sertraline group at first week. Mean CGI-Severity scale and CGI-I scores were favour to sertraline group at the end of the study. Remission rates were 46.7% for sertraline group and 33.3% for agomelatine group while response rates were 76.7% for both groups. Any patient from agomelatine group dropped-out due to adverse effects. The amount of side effects was also less with agomelatine.
CONCLUSION
Agomelatine has a rapid onset efficacy on depressive symptoms and this can be beneficial for some critical cases. Considering MADRS scores, agomelatine seems to have similar efficacy with sertraline but we also point the need for long term studies since CGI scores were favour to sertraline group at the end of the study. Agomelatine has a favourable tolerability profile both in terms of discontinuation and the amount of side effects compared to sertraline.

Keyword

Agomelatine; Sertraline; Clinical efficacy; Drug tolerance; Comparative study
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