Saf Health Work.  2016 Sep;7(3):231-236. 10.1016/j.shaw.2016.01.004.

Analysis of Workplace Accidents in Automotive Repair Workshops in Spain

Affiliations
  • 1Cátedra de Prevención y Responsabilidad Social Corporativa, Departamento de Economía y Administración de Empresas, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales, Universidad de Málaga, Malaga, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
To analyze the effects of the factors associated with different types of injury (superficial wounds, dislocations and sprains, bone fractures, concussion and internal injuries, burns scalding and freezing) caused by occupational accidents in automotive repair workshops.
METHODS
Study of a sample consisting of 89,954 industry accidents reported from 2003 to 2008. Odds ratios were calculated with a 95% confidence interval.
RESULTS
Belonging to a small company is a risk factor for suffering three of the five types of injury studied. Women are less likely to suffer burns and superficial wounds, and more likely to suffer dislocations or sprains. Foreign workers are more likely to suffer concussion and internal injuries.
CONCLUSION
Health and safety strategies and accident prevention measures should be individualized and adapted to the type of worker most likely to be injured in each type of accident. Occupational health and safety training courses designed according to worker profile, and improving the participation of the workers in small firms creating regional or roving safety representatives would improve working conditions.

Keyword

accident; automotive maintenance; injury; occupational safety; workshop
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