Saf Health Work.  2016 Sep;7(3):175-184. 10.1016/j.shaw.2016.02.003.

Influence of Cushioning Variables in the Workplace and in the Family on the Probability of Suffering Stress

Affiliations
  • 1Escuela Politécnica Superior, University of Burgos, Burgos, Spain. dcardenas@ubu.es

Abstract

Stress at work and in the family is a very common issue in our society that generates many health-related problems. During recent years, numerous studies have sought to define the term stress, raising many contradictions that various authors have studied. Other authors have attempted to establish some criteria, in subjective and not very quantitative ways, in an attempt to reduce and even to eliminate stressors and their effects at work and in the family context. The purpose
of this study was to quantify so-called cushioning variables, such as control, social support, home/work life conciliation, and even sports and leisure activities, with the purpose
of, as much as possible, reducing the negative effects of stress, which seriously affects the health of workers. The study employs data from the Fifth European Working Conditions Survey, in which nearly 44,000 interviewees from 34 countries in the European Union participated. We constructed a probabilistic model based on a Bayesian network, using variables from both the workplace and the family, the aforementioned cushioning variables, as well as the variable stress. If action is taken on the above variables, then the probabilities of suffering high levels of stress may be reduced. Such action may improve the quality of life of people at work and in the family.

Keyword

Bayesian networks; cushioning variables; European survey; stress; working conditions
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