Transl Clin Pharmacol.  2016 Sep;24(3):137-142. 10.12793/tcp.2016.24.3.137.

Comparison of R(+)-α-lipoic acid exposure after R(+)-α-lipoic acid 200 mg and 300 mg and thioctic acid 600 mg in healthy Korean male subjects

  • 1Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Hospital, Seoul 03080, Korea.
  • 2Bukwang Pharm. Co., Ltd., Seoul 06955, Korea.


Alpha-lipoic acid, a physiological form of thioctic acid, is a strong antioxidant that relieves diabetic neuropathic symptoms. R(+)-α-lipoic acid shows superior antioxidative effects to its racemate. We compared the pharmacokinetics (PKs) and tolerability of R(+)- and S(-)-α-lipoic acid after a single oral dose of R(+)-α-lipoic acid, Dexid®, and its racemate, thioctic acid in healthy male subjects. We used an open-label, randomized, single-dose, three-treatment, parallel study design to compare the PK exposure of the active form, R(+)-α-lipoic acid. Thirty subjects completed the study with no clinically relevant safety issues. The peak concentrations (C(max), mean±SD) of R(+)-α-lipoic acid after doses of R(+)-α-lipoic acid 200 mg, 300 mg and thioctic acid 600 mg were 4186.8±1956.7, 6985.6±3775.8 and 6498.4±3575.6 µg/L, respectively, and the areas under the plasma concentration-time curve from 0 to the last measurable concentration (AUC(last)) were 1893.6±759.4, 3575.2±1149.2 and 3790.0±1623.0 µg·h⁻¹·L⁻¹, respectively. The geometric mean ratio and 90% confidence intervals of R(+)-α-lipoic acid 200 mg to thioctic acid 600 mg for the C(max) and AUC(last) were 0.71 (0.43-1.15) and 0.51 (0.37-0.70), respectively. The corresponding R(+)-α-lipoic acid 300 mg to thioctic acid 600 mg values were 1.11 (0.68-1.80) and 0.97 (0.71-1.34), respectively. In conclusion, R(+)-α-lipoic acid 300 mg showed PK characteristics similar to those of thioctic acid 600 mg and both formulations were well tolerated.


pharmacokinetics; racemate; R(+)-α-lipoic acid; thioctic acid; tolerability

MeSH Terms

Thioctic Acid*
Thioctic Acid
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